Common Frontend Performance Issues and How to Solve Them
SEO meta keywords article comma separated limit 180 characters search engine optimization

José Matos

06 May 2023

Common Frontend Performance Issues and How to Solve Them

    Common Frontend Performance Issues and How to Solve Them

    As a frontend developer, optimizing the performance of web applications is essential. Slow loading times and unresponsive pages can lead to a poor user experience and negatively impact a website's SEO ranking. Fortunately, there are many frontend frameworks and libraries available to help developers optimize their applications and improve performance. In this article, we'll discuss some common frontend performance issues and how to solve them using these tools.

    Issue #1: Large Image Sizes

    One of the most common reasons for slow page loading times is the use of large image files. Large images can take a long time to load, especially on slower internet connections or mobile devices. However, there are several ways to optimize images and reduce their file size without sacrificing quality.

    One option is to use a tool like gulp-imagemin or grunt-contrib-imagemin to compress images. These tools use a variety of techniques, such as removing hidden metadata and reducing color depth, to reduce the file size of images while maintaining quality.

    const gulp = require('gulp');
    const imagemin = require('gulp-imagemin');
    const pngquant = require('imagemin-pngquant');
    gulp.task('images', () => {
      return gulp.src('src/images/*')
          progressive: true,
          svgoPlugins: [{removeViewBox: false}],
          use: [pngquant()]

    Another option is to use a content delivery network (CDN) to serve images. A CDN stores copies of your website's images across multiple servers, which can improve page load times by reducing the distance between the user and the server hosting the image. Popular CDN services include Cloudflare and Amazon CloudFront.

    Issue #2: Excessive Code

    Another common cause of slow page load times is the use of excessive code, especially JavaScript. Large JavaScript files can take a long time to download and execute, which can slow down page rendering and responsiveness.

    To reduce the amount of JavaScript code on a page, developers can make use of frontend frameworks and libraries, such as React, Vue, and Angular. These tools use virtual DOM techniques to reduce the amount of JavaScript code required to update the user interface, resulting in faster page rendering and better overall performance.

    For example, here's a simple React component that renders a list of aircraft:

    import React, { useState, useEffect } from 'react';
    import { getAircraft } from './api';
    function AircraftList() {
      const [aircraft, setAircraft] = useState([]);
      useEffect(() => {
        getAircraft().then((data) => setAircraft(data));
      }, []);
      return (
          { => (
            <li key={}>{}</li>
    export default AircraftList;

    In this example, the AircraftList component uses the useState and useEffect hooks to manage the component's state and run the getAircraft function to fetch a list of aircraft from an API. The component then uses the map function to iterate over the aircraft array and render a list item for each aircraft.

    Issue #3: Bloated CSS

    Large CSS files can also slow down page rendering times, especially when they contain a lot of unnecessary code and redundant styles. To optimize CSS files, developers can use a combination of techniques, such as minification and SASS.

    Minification is the process of removing unnecessary spaces, comments, and other characters from a CSS file to reduce its size. Tools like gulp-minify-css and grunt-contrib-cssmin can be used to minify CSS files automatically during the build process.

    const gulp = require('gulp');
    const cssmin = require('gulp-cssmin');
    const rename = require('gulp-rename');
    gulp.task('css', () => {
      return gulp.src('src/styles/main.css')
        .pipe(rename({suffix: '.min'}))

    Another technique is to use a CSS preprocessor like SASS. SASS provides a way to write more modular and reusable CSS code using variables, mixins, and nested selectors. The resulting CSS code is often smaller and more maintainable than traditional CSS.

    Here's an example of how to use variables in SASS:

    $primary-color: #3498db;
    .header {
      background-color: $primary-color;

    In this example, the variable $primary-color is defined with a value of #3498db. The .header selector then uses the variable to set the background color, allowing for easy modification of the color scheme throughout the site.

    Issue #4: Render Blocking Scripts

    Finally, another common performance issue is render-blocking scripts, which can prevent a page from rendering until the script has been downloaded and executed. To solve this issue, developers can use the defer and async attributes on script tags.

    The defer attribute tells the browser to download the script in the background while the page is rendering, but not execute the script until the page has finished rendering. This can improve page rendering times, especially on slower devices.

    <script defer src="my-script.js"></script>

    The async attribute, on the other hand, tells the browser to download and execute the script in the background as soon as possible, without blocking the page rendering. This can be useful for scripts that do not need to execute before the page has finished rendering but are needed for certain interactions later on.

    <script async src="my-script.js"></script>


    Optimizing frontend performance is a crucial part of creating a great user experience and improving a website's SEO ranking. By using frontend frameworks and libraries, developers can optimize images, reduce code, and improve page rendering times. With these tools in hand, developers can create fast, responsive, and engaging web applications that users will love.

    © 2023 Designed & Developed by José Matos.