If you’re a frontend developer, chances are that you’ve worked with Angular at some point. Angular is a popular framework for building web applications, but like any technology, it has its own set of challenges. Debugging Angular applications can be a time-consuming process, but with the right tips and tricks, you can make the process easier and more efficient.
In this article, we’ll explore some of the best practices for building high-performing Angular web applications, and how to debug them when issues arise.
Before we dive into debugging tips, it’s important to understand some of the best practices for building high-performing Angular web applications.
One of the best practices for building high-performing Angular web applications is to use lazy loading. Lazy loading is a technique that loads the necessary components only when they are needed, rather than loading all components at once. This can significantly reduce the initial load time of your application, which is especially important for mobile devices.
To use lazy loading in your Angular application, you can use the loadChildren method in your routing configuration. This method lazy loads a module when its path is requested.
const routes: Routes = [
loadChildren: () => import('./lazy/lazy.module').then(m => m.LazyModule)
Another best practice for building high-performing Angular web applications is to optimize change detection. By default, Angular uses a change detection algorithm that can be resource-intensive, especially in larger applications.
To optimize change detection in your Angular application, you can use the OnPush change detection strategy. This strategy only updates the component when its input properties change or when an event is raised. This can significantly reduce the number of unnecessary updates that your Angular application performs.
A third best practice for building high-performing Angular web applications is to minimize HTTP requests. HTTP requests can be time-consuming, especially on mobile devices with slow Internet connections.
To minimize HTTP requests in your Angular application, you can use techniques such as caching, bundling, and compression. Caching can store previously downloaded files in the browser cache, so they don’t need to be downloaded again. Bundling can combine multiple files into a single file, reducing the number of HTTP requests. Compression can reduce the size of files, making them faster to download.
Now that we’ve explored some of the best practices for building high-performing Angular web applications, let’s look at some tips and tricks for debugging them.
The Angular CLI (Command Line Interface) is a powerful tool for developing, building, and testing Angular applications. It provides a set of commands that can make your development process easier and faster.
One of the most useful commands in the Angular CLI is ng serve. This command compiles your application and starts a development server that reloads the application every time you make a change to the code. This can be incredibly helpful for quickly testing and debugging your application.
To use source maps in your Angular application, you need to enable them in the angular.json file.
Augury is a Chrome extension that helps you debug and analyze your Angular application. It provides a visual representation of your application’s component tree and allows you to inspect the state and properties of each component.
In addition, Augury can help you identify performance issues and memory leaks in your application. You can use it to profile your application and see which components are taking up the most resources.
The good old console.log() can also be incredibly helpful when debugging Angular applications. You can use console.log() to log information about your application and see how it is behaving.
For example, you can log information about the state of your components or the values of your variables.
Finally, you can use debuggers to step through your code and see how it is executing. Debuggers allow you to set breakpoints in your code and see what is happening at each step of the execution.
To use debuggers in your Angular application, you can use the dev tools provided by your browser. Most modern browsers have built-in dev tools that include a debugger.
Debugging Angular applications can be challenging, but with the right tips and tricks, you can make the process easier and more efficient. By following the best practices for building high-performing Angular web applications, you can reduce the likelihood of encountering issues in the first place. And when issues do arise, you can use tools like the Angular CLI, source maps, Augury, console.log(), and debuggers to help you find and fix them.